Innosilicon SD4.0 PHY supports both UHS-II and Legacy SD interface. The UHS-II standard is targeted for mobile, portable applications and home applications, provides enhanced data rate, while maintaining low power and low EMI. The Legacy SD IOs supports traditional operation speed like DS, HS, DDR50 and SDR50/104 for providing the features of backwards compatibility.
Innosilicon UHS-II PHY interface achieves a peak speed of 3.12Gbps. It consists of at least two lanes based on differential signaling lines. Each lane provides up to 156MB/sec.The direction of both lanes can be configured as two opposite ways (FD mode), or same way (2L-HD mode). In 2L-HD mode case, the interface speed is doubled to 312MB/sec. It is also possible to have more than two Lanes, 3 or 4 Lanes for increasing system speed.
InnosiliconSD4.0 PHY includes high-speed low-delay multiple-voltage legacy SD IOs compatible with multiple bus modes in Legacy SD, and UHS-I, which are Default Speed, High Speed, UHS50, UHS104. CMD19 (Tuning CMD) is supported by the PHY in UHS-I mode, with DLL integrated inside PHY to provide clock with adjustable phases.
The PHY uses sub-LVDS signaling consisting of one pair each for transmit, receive (D0, D1 Lanes) and an additional reference clock (RCLK Lane). D0 and D1 Lanes are used for differential transmission between Host and Device which are dedicated to UHS-II interface only, and are separate for signals of legacy SD interface. The D0 and D1 signals are encoded by 8b/10b code before transmission, and decoded by 10b/8b after receiving. RCLK is transmitted from Host to Device, and operates at 1/15th or 1/30th of the data transfer speed. This differential clock operates between 26MHz to 52 MHz and is carried over the legacy SD lines DAT0, and DAT1.
The PHY also provides loopback path for testability purposes, and used for Devices in order to perform data bypassing in ring topology. The loopback paths have the same clocking scheme as TX and RX Lanes in FD mode, for both forward and backward loopback.